What is the Phoenix basin?
How far down is bedrock in Phoenix?
The Bedrock Ridge is 8,000 to 10,000 feet long, extending from north of Sky Harbor Airport northwestward toward the intersection of 24th Street and Roosevelt Street. It is a broad feature, typically 1,000 to 2,000 feet wide.
Why is Phoenix called a valley?
The metropolitan area is known as the "Valley of the Sun" due to its location in the Salt River Valley. It lies at a mean elevation of 1,086 feet (331 m), in the northern reaches of the Sonoran Desert.
What is the geology of Phoenix?
The geologic history of the Phoenix area begins with a sequence of metamorphic rocks that formed between 1.8 and 1.6 billion years ago. ... Slightly younger granitic rocks also formed during these ancient tectonic events. The east side of Camelback Mountain is composed of granitic rocks that are of this age.Jul 18, 2016
Where is the Phoenix basin?
The new look of Southwestern archaeology is especially evident in the Phoenix Basin of central Arizona, one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the U.S.
How far down is bedrock in Arizona?
The maximum depth to bedrock is about 1,700 m in the Palominas subbasin and 800m in the Huachuca City subbasin; the basin-fill unit occupies the upper 250-350 m in general with local thickenings exceeding 1,000 m in the Palominas subbasin.
Is there bedrock in Arizona?
A place that I remember fondly is Bedrock, the city of the Flintstones in Arizona. Unfortunately, after 50 years of activity, as of 2019, Bedrock has closed. The Flintstones theme park was replaced by Raptor Ranch, a park with birds of prey open to tourists.Nov 15, 2021
How was Phoenix valley formed?
"Twenty-five [to] 15 million years ago, the continental crust was stretched, and the rocks in the South Mountains were pulled out from underneath that area to the northeast, underneath Fountain Hills, and brought up to the surface," said ASU geologist Steve Reynolds, an expert on the Valley's bedrock features.Nov 26, 2018
Is a Phoenix real bird?
Because, you know, it's not real. The phoenix is a part of ancient Greek folklore, a giant bird associated with the sun. It's said to have lived for 500 years before dying and being born again, though there's disagreement about whether that rebirth occurs in an explosion of flames or after regular decomposition.Dec 18, 2019
Why do Suns Say Valley?
Why do the Suns' jerseys say "The Valley?" According to the team's website, "The Valley" on the jerseys is short for "The Valley of the Sun." That phrase has become a nickname for the Phoenix metropolitan area, which is where the team is based.Jul 20, 2021
Why is so hot in Phoenix?
Justin Pullin, a meteorologist with the National Weather Service said that warm winds coming from the Cascades are getting trapped under high atmospheric pressure, creating a heat-dome effect. This sort of high pressure system leads to the infamously high temperatures in areas like Phoenix.Jun 28, 2021
Why are rocks black in Arizona?
One of the most common rocks found in Arizona is basalt. It is a fine-grained (aphanitic) dark gray to black rock made up of two major minerals, pyroxene and plagioclase and contains minor amounts of the mineral olivine. ... These basalt volcanic eruptions in Arizona occurred between 15 million years ago and the present.
Is Phoenix a caldera?
To the east of Phoenix are the rugged Superstition Mountains, a large complex of volcanic calderas that formed about 305 million years ago; the mountains reach to about 3,000 feet (900 metres) at their highest point.
Is there limestone in AZ?
The closest place to see limestone in the Phoenix area is along route 60 going east from Superior. The Escabrosa limestone (same age as the Redwall, Mississippian) and Naco limestone (Pennsylvanian age) are found there. Marine fossils can be found in this area in the limestone formations.
What is the geologic history of the mountains in Phoenix?
- These mountains comprise classic Basin & Range topography: roughly linear mountain ranges separated by deep alluvial basins. The geologic history of the Phoenix area begins with a sequence of metamorphic rocks that formed between 1.8 and 1.6 billion years ago.
What are the geologic unconformities in Phoenix?
- Unconformities represent missing time in the geologic record. The geologic record in the Phoenix area then resumes in the late Tertiary (roughly 20 million years ago) with emplacement of a granitic rock body in the South Mountain area. This granite is associated temporally with eruption of volcanic rocks in the Phoenix area, as well.
What type of rock is Camelback Mountain made of?
- The east side of Camelback Mountain is composed of granitic rocks that are of this age. After the formation of these granitic rocks, there is no geologic record of what happened in the Phoenix area for over a billion years. (Of course, we know generally what was happening in this area from rocks that are exposed elsewhere in the state.)
How old are the rocks around Phoenix?
- The Paleoproterozoic (1.8 to 1.6 billion years old) crystalline rocks around Phoenix were involved in those accretionary events; it was during these tectonic collisions that they were metamorphosed into their present form. These rocks are most clearly exposed in the Squaw Peak (Piestewa Peak) and Dreamy Draw areas.